A traceroute is a common troubleshooting tool to determine where traffic goes to reach it’s destination.
traceroute will show the IP address or DNS name of hops between the source and destination. It will demonstrates how long it has taken to reach each hop three times, each measured in milliseconds.
A traceroute will display an asterisk if a hop is unreachable.
A traceroute will try to reach a destination up to 30 hops away.
There some additional parameters that can be utilised with traceroute
numeric – Display numeric IP addresses only and not domain names
port – Destination port number of the probes sent
source – Source address of the traceroute
timeout – How long before timing out a hop reachability attempt
ttl – Maximum time to live set on traceroutes
These parameters can be added onto a traceroute command, or by typing traceroute and enter, an interactive prompt will ask which parameters are to be set